A – Anti – Pill Finish
A treatment which reduces the formation of little balls/pills on a synthetic fabric’s surface due to abrasion during wear.
B – BOUDED(Fabric)
2 layers of fabric joined together using an adhesive or chemical process.
C – Colour-fastness
The resistance to colour change or fading caused by sunlight, washing or wearing
D – Drop Tail
A garment with a longer back section than front. In shirting terms this ensures it stays tucked in when required, though often used in T-shirts etc. As styling point only
E – End-on-End
A type of woven fabric with alternating dark and light threads resulting in subtle colour interest.
F – Flatlock / Flat stitch
A type of stitch that covers & joins the edges of 2 fabrics when butted together to form a flat seam. Can also be used as decorative top stitching
G – Garment Washing
A treatment given to a garment or fabric to further change or modify the appearance (e.g. stone washing), increase softness or to minimise shrinkage.
H – Herringbone
A type of twill design typically in woven fabrics and recognisable by the distinctive zigzag or chevron pattern
I – Interlock knit
A soft and stretchy double-jersey, knitted fabric featuring same, smooth appearance on both sides.
K – Kangaroo Pocket
A patch-style pocket on lower front of garment; usually found on hoodies.
L – Locker Patch
A semi-circular panel sewn into the inside back neck of a garment, just under the collar seam, to reinforce the garment and minimize stretching.
M – Microfibre
A particularly fine synthetic fibre often used in knitted or woven fabric to create softness.
N – Nap
A fuzzy, fur-like feel created when fibre ends extend form the basic fabric structure to the fabric surface. The fabric can be napped on one or both sides.
O – Organic Cotton
Non genetically-modified (GM) cotton grown without the use of synthetic or toxic pesticides and fertilisers
P – Pigment Dye
A Colouration process that results in a weathered /washed out look
R – Raglan
A type of sleeve where the seam reaches diagonally from collarbone to underarm
S – Slub
Yarn that has been specially spun to have thicker sections, resulting in an uneven textured fabric
T – Taped Back Neck
Tape attached over the neck seam to give a smooth and comfortable finish
W – Wicking
The ability of a fibre or a fabric to disperse moisture and allow it to pass through to the surface, so that evaporation can take place
Y – Yarn-Dyed
A term used when yarn is dyed prior to the weaving or knitting of the garment